The Caber toss is considered the signature event of the Heavy Events. The Caber is generally log measuring about 20 feet long and weighing approximately 150 lbs. Only the caber is stood on its end, the athlete shoulders the Caber cupping the small end in his two hands. Once the Caber is balanced, the athlete runs and stops suddenly and while the larger top of the Caber is tipping forward, the athlete pulls upward on the small end with all his might, flipping it end over end. A judge runs behind the athlete and calls the score as though looking at an imaginary clock, with a perfect toss being 12:00 with the small end of the Caber facing directly away from the athlete, who is standing at the 6:00 position.
This event resembles the modern day shot put but with a 17and 22 lb for men and 6 lb and 12 lb for women. The throw takes place from behind the “trig” or toe board and is thrown for distance. There are several different throwing styles that can be used including the glide or spin. The throw is recorded by measuring the distance from the back of the trig to the mark the stone makes when it hits the ground. Each competitor is allowed three attempts with the best throw being recorded for the final score.
Weight for Height
In this back breaking event, the athlete tosses a 56 lb weight for Open men, 42 lb for Master level, 28 for Open Women and 21 lb for Masters Women over a cross bar. The weight is tossed with one hand only from a standing position and the athlete is allowed three tries at each height. The bar is raised until only one athlete remains. Top professional athletes can toss the weight over a bar 18 feet off the ground!
Weight Throw For Distance
The athlete tosses a 56 lb weight for Open men, 42 lb for Master level, 28 for Open Women and 21 lb for Masters Women for distance. This event involves throwing a metal block fixed to a chain and handle with one hand for distance. The athlete must throw from behind the trig. The athlete spins twice and releases the weight at its maximum speed. There is also a light weight event where men throw 28 lb and women throw 14 lb weight for distance.
The Scottish Hammer is a spherical, metal ball weighing 16 lb or 22 lbs for men and 12 lb and 16 lb for women that is fastened to the end of a wooden handle and is thrown for distance. The athlete has his back facing in the direction of the throw. He is not permitted to spin, and anchors his feet to the ground using long blades fixed to the bottom of his boots. This allows him to stay grounded against the tremendous forces from the hammer swinging around his head at high speed. He winds the Hammer around his head as fast as possible and releases it at its maximum speed. Top professional athletes can throw the 22 lb hammer over 115 feet!
Sheaf (Hay) Toss
The 20 lb of hay for Professional men, 16 pound for Open men and 10 lb for women, wrapped in burlap, is tossed by pitchfork over a bar. Three tosses are allowed at each height. Competitors must toss the sheaf over the bar in order to remain in the competition. The bar is raised 3 ft at a time until all contestants but the winner are eliminated.